July 10

A weekly publication of               7/7/2015

Did you know... 

Here’s a little Presidential trivia for you.
In terms of the popular vote, what was the closest presidential election in history?
– 1824 (Andrew Jackson vs. John Quincy Adams)
2. – 1880 (James A. Garfield vs. Winfield Scott Hancock)
3. – 1888 (Benjamin Harris vs. Grover Cleveland)
4. – 2000 (George W. Bush vs. Al Gore)

We’ll send an Every Child Matters t-shirt to the first person who e-mails the correct answer to me. – No Googling!!

Dear Pat,

The 2016 Presidential hopefuls are in New Hampshire and you need a roadmap to guide you as to who they are and where they stand on the issues. Every Child Matters in NH and Iowa staff have been birddogging them and asking questions of them. As we get answers and insight on their stand on issues we will update you. It is important to become an educated voter, as your vote makes a difference in so many areas of your life.

Here’s a brief introduction to those considered the upper tier candidates who have declared as of July 4th. Sources used for information include WikipediaBallotpedia2016 Presidential Candidates, and Candidate websites.

Democratic Party

Lincoln Chafee - Former U.S. Senator and Governor from Rhode Island-  Born in Providence, Rhode Island, Lincoln Davenport Chafee received his education at Philips Academy and Brown University, ultimately graduating with a bachelor's degree in Classics. Originally working as a professional farrier (horse shoer) for seven years, he began a successful and varied political career in 1985. Chafee started out Republican, serving as a GOP Senator for eight years, before leaving that party and becoming an Independent. He was elected Governor of Rhode Island in 2011, the first person without a party affiliation to hold the office since the 18th century. In 2013, with months remaining in his first and only gubernatorial term, he formally switched allegiance and joined the Democratic party.

Hillary Clinton - Former U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Senator and First Lady - Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is originally from Chicago, Illinois. She attended Wellesley College for a degree in Political Science, then went on to Yale Law School. It was during her schooling at Yale that she met her now-current husband and then-future President of the US, Bill Clinton. Clinton served as the Secretary of State of the United States of America from January 21, 2009, to February 1, 2013, and as a senator from New York from 2001 to 2009. She lost the Democratic presidential primary nomination to Barack Obama in 2008. Clinton also served as first lady during her husband, President Bill Clinton's, two terms. She is the first former first lady to serve in the U.S. Senate and in a president's cabinet.

Martin O’Malley - Former Governor of Maryland - Born in Washington, D.C., O’Malley was raised in Bethesda and Rockville. O’Malley graduated from Catholic University, and went on to earn his law degree from the University of Maryland in 1988. That same year, he was appointed as an Assistant State’s Attorney for the City of Baltimore. O'Malley served as the governor of Maryland from January 17, 2007, to January 21, 2015. He served as the chair of the Governor's Executive Council from 2007 to 2015 and the co-chair of the Council of Governors from 2013 to 2015. Prior to his gubernatorial career, O'Malley served as the Mayor of Baltimore from 1999 to 2007.

Bernie Sanders – Current U.S. Senator from Vermont and Former Mayor of Burlington, Vermont - Born in Brooklyn, New York, he attended James Madison High School, Brooklyn College, and the University of Chicago. After graduating, he moved to Vermont where he worked as a carpenter and documentary filmmaker. In 1981, he was elected as mayor of Burlington, the state’s largest city, by a mere 10 votes. In 2006, he was elected to the U.S. Senate after 16 years as Vermont’s sole congressman in the House of Representatives. Bernie is now serving his second term in the U.S. Senate after winning re-election in 2012 with 71 percent of the vote. In 2015, Democratic leadership tapped Bernie to serve as the caucus’ ranking member on the Senate Budget Committee.

Jim Webb – Former Senator from Virginia – Jim Webb is a native of Missouri and grew up in a military family. This led him to pursue a military career and after a year at the University of Southern California, he earned an appointment to the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. After graduating from the Naval Academy, Webb served in Vietnam as a Marine Platoon Commander and he received a Navy Cross, Silver Star, two Bronze Stars and two Purple Hearts. Webb was a U.S. Senator from Virginia from January 3, 2007 to January 3, 2013. Webb served as the Secretary of the Navy from 1987 to 1988 and in the United States Marines from 1968 to 1972. 

Republican Party

Jeb Bush – Former Governor of Florida - Born and raised in Houston, Texas, John Ellis Bush (who prefers to go by his initials, JEB) studied and earned a degree in Latin American Affairs before beginning his career in politics. He became Florida's Secretary of Commerce in 1986, resigning two years later to support his father's (former President George Herbert Walker Bush) bid for the white house. After trying unsuccessfully to become Governor of Florida in 1994, Bush won the office in '98, beginning what would become the first two-term Republican gubernatorial administration in Florida's history.

Ben Carson – Retired Pediatric Neurosurgeon - Ben Carson is a native of Detroit, Michigan and after receiving his medical degree from the University of Michigan Medical School, he began an accomplished career in medicine. He has served as Professor of neurosurgery, oncology, and pediatrics, and was the director of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital. At just 33 he became the youngest division director in Johns Hopkins history. Carson is also the author of six books all published by Zondervan, a Christian media and publishing company. His books speak to his personal struggles and triumphs and lay out his philosophy of what it takes to succeed in life.

Chris Christie – Current Governor of New Jersey – Chris Christie was born in Newark, New Jersey, where he lived with his parents until the age of 5. At that time, his family moved to Livingston, NJ, where Christie lived until he graduated high school. After that, he went on to attend (and graduate from) the University of Delaware and Seton Hall School of Law before becoming a lawyer. Today, Christie also holds honorary doctorate degrees from Rutgers University and Monmouth University. Christie served as the US Attorney for the District of New Jersey before running for and winning election to the office of Governor of that state – a position he still occupies, currently in his second term.

Ted Cruz – Current U.S. Senator from Texas - Ted Cruz, who was born in Canada, has an American mother and a Cuban father; in 2014, he officially renounced his Canadian dual citizenship. He is the junior United States Senator from Texas. Between 1999 and 2003, Cruz was the director of the Office of Policy Planning at the Federal Trade Commission, an associate deputy attorney general at the United States Department of Justice, and as domestic policy advisor to U.S. President George W. Bush on the 2000 Bush-Cheney campaign. He served as Solicitor General of Texas from 2003 to May 2008. Cruz was also an adjunct professor of law at the University of Texas School of Law in Austin, from 2004 to 2009. While there, he taught U.S. Supreme Court litigation.

Carly Fiorina – Former CEO of Hewlett-Packard - Born Cara Carleton Sneed, Carly Fiorina (who changed her name in 1985 when she married her current husband, Frank Fiorina) Educated in Business Administration and Marketing, she has served in executive positions for AT&T and that company's spinoff, Lucent, and most prominently held the role of Chief Executive Officer of Hewlett-Packard from 1999 to 2005. Fiorina is the chairwoman of the American Conservative Union Foundation, the Unlocking Potential Project, Good360 and Opportunity International. She has never held any public office. Following her advocacy and work for John McCain's presidential campaign, Fiorina ran unsuccessfully for United States Senate in California in 2010. She was defeated by Sen. Barbara Boxer (D).

Lindsey Graham – Current U.S. Senator from South Carolina - Lindsey Olin Graham has served as a United States Senator from South Carolina since 2003, and has been the senior Senator from South Carolina since 2005. Born in Central, South Carolina, Graham graduated from the University of South Carolina in 1977. He received his Juris Doctor from the University of South Carolina School of Law in 1981. He served in the United States Air Force from 1982 to 1988 and served as a Guardsman first in the South Carolina Air National Guard then in the Air Force Reserves, attaining the rank of colonel. He worked as a lawyer in private practice before he was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1992, serving one term from 1993 to 1995. He then served in the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 2003. He was elected to four terms.

Mike Huckabee – Former Governor of Arkansas – Mike Huckabee served as the 44th Governor of Arkansas from 1996 to 2007. He was a candidate in the 2008 U.S. Republican presidential primaries. He won the 2008 Iowa Republican caucuses and finished second in delegate count and third in both popular vote and number of states won, behind nominee John McCain and Mitt Romney. Beginning in 2008, Huckabee hosted the Fox News Channel talk show Huckabee, ending the show in January 2015 in order to explore a potential bid for the Presidency. From April 2012 through December 2013, he hosted a daily radio program, The Mike Huckabee Show, on weekday afternoons. Huckabee is the author of several best-selling books, an ordained Southern Baptist minister noted for his evangelical views, a musician, and a public speaker. He is also a political commentator on The Huckabee Report. 

Bobby Jindal – Current Governor of Louisiana – Bobby Jindal is the Governor of Louisiana. He was first elected in 2007 and was re-elected to the position on October 22, 2011. He previously served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Louisiana's 1st Congressional District from 2004 to 2008. In 1996, Gov. Murphy Foster appointed Jindal secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals, and in 1999 he was appointed president of the University of Louisiana System. In 2001, Jindal was appointed as the principal adviser to Tommy Thompson, the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services by the 43rd President, George W. Bush.

George Pataki – Former Governor of New York – George Pataki is a lawyer who served as the governor of New York for three terms between 1995 and 2007. He was elected Mayor of his home town of Peekskill, later going on to be elected to State Assembly, then State Senate. In 1994, he ran for Governor against three-term incumbent Mario Cuomo, defeating him by over a three point margin. Pataki would himself be elected to three consecutive terms. Pataki has since worked for the law firm, Chadbourne & Parke LLP, and founded a consulting firm with his former Chief of Staff John Cahill.

Rand Paul – Current U.S. Senator from Kentucky - Dr. Randal Howard "Rand" Paul has served in the United States Senate as a member of the Republican Party representing Kentucky. He is the son of former U.S. Representative Ron Paul of Texas. Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Paul attended Baylor University and is a graduate of the Duke University School of Medicine. He began practicing ophthalmology in 1993 in Bowling Green, Kentucky, and established his own clinic in December 2007. In 2010, Paul entered politics by running for a seat in the United States Senate. Paul has described himself as a Constitutional conservative and a supporter of the Tea Party movement, and has advocated for a balanced budget amendment, term limits, and privacy reform.

Rick Perry – Former Governor of Texas - James Richard "Rick" Perry served as the 47th Governor of Texas from 2000 to 2015. A Republican, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Texas in 1998 and assumed the governorship in December 2000 when then-governor George W. Bush resigned to become President of the United States. Perry is the longest serving governor in Texas state history. As a result, he is the only governor in modern Texas history to have appointed at least one person to every eligible state office, board, or commission position (as well as to several elected offices to which the governor can appoint someone to fill an unexpired term, such as six of the nine current members of the Texas Supreme Court). Perry also ran for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2012 presidential election.

Marco Rubio – Current U.S. Senator from Florida - Marco Rubio was born in Miami, Florida to Cuban parents who were naturalized as US citizens. He was given a football scholarship from Tarkio College, which he attended for a year before moving on to Santa Fe Community College, and eventually graduating from the University of Florida (with a Bachelor of Science) and the University of Miami School of Law (J.D. degree). He interned for Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and volunteered for Senator Bob Dole's presidential campaign in 1996, before embarking upon his own political career. Rubio was a member of the Florida House of Representatives from 2000 to 2008 – where he eventually became Speaker of that chamber – and in 2010 was elected to his current occupation, Junior Senator from Florida in the United States Senate.

Rick Santorum – Former U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania – Rick Santorum is an attorney who served as a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania from January 3, 1995 to January 3, 2007. He also served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 18th Congressional District from January 3, 1991 to January 3, 1995. He ran for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012, but he ended his campaign on April 10, 2012, after finishing second to the eventual Republican nominee, Mitt Romney.

Donald Trump – Businessman, Television Personality - Donald Trump was born in the neighborhood of Queens in New York City, New York. He earned academic honors in basic schooling, where he also proved a gifted student athlete, before going on to study first at Fordham University and then at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He graduated in 1968, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in Economics. He worked for his father's firm, Elizabeth Trump & Son, while attending the Wharton School, and in 1968 officially joined the company. He was given control of the company in 1971 and renamed it The Trump Organization. Trump remains a major figure in the real estate industry in the United States and a celebrity for his prominent media exposure.

As additional potential candidates declare their candidacy we will update this list. In the meantime, to learn more about where they stand on the issues follow the links to their campaign websites.

Wednesday, July 8, 5:30pm – 6:30pm, Backyard Town Meeting with Martin O'Malley, 6 Kent St, Concord, NH 03301

Click here to see more events in New Hampshire!

From our friends at the Afterschool Alliance:

On Tuesday, July 7th, debate on the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)—and 21st CCLC, which is part of the legislation—is scheduled to begin on the Senate floor for the first time in 14 years. For what is expected to be a multi-week process, the full Senate will debate and consider a large number of amendments to the bipartisan Every Child Achieves Act of 2015. The Every Child Achieves Act, authored by Senate HELP Committee Chair Lamar Alexander (R-TN) and Ranking Member Patty Murray (D-WA) seeks to reauthorize ESEA and unanimously passed the Committee in mid-April.  The bill includes Sen. Lisa Murkowski’s (R-AK) bipartisan 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) amendment that passed by unanimous consent during Committee mark-up, strengthening 21st CCLC and helping ensure that 1.6 million young people continue to have access to quality afterschool and summer learning programs.

The primary debate is expected to be around the accountability and testing provisions in the bill. A number of organizations and Senators have expressed concerns that without additional safeguards for disadvantaged students, the Every Child Achieves Act would not adequately serve and protect all vulnerable students. The 21st CCLC section, however, is not expected to be controversial. The language strengthens the 21st CCLC initiative by:

  • emphasizing better data sharing between schools and community-based organizations;
  • updating allowable uses to include STEM, physical activity, nutrition education, financial literacy, environmental literacy, workforce development programs and more;
  • expanding program performance measures;
  • adding a role for external intermediary organizations;
  • highlighting professional development for program staff; and
  • allowing 21st CCLC funds to be used for specific ‘afterschool-like’ activities as part of expanded learning programs in cases where at least 300 hours are added during the year; schools work with community partners; and activities do not supplant existing programs.

The 21st CCLC provision was supported in Committee with the strong bipartisan support of Sens. Murkowski, Murray (D-WA), Franken (D-MN), Sanders (I-VT), Cassidy (R-LA), Collins (R-ME), Baldwin (D-WI), Boxer, Warren (D-MA) and others, as well as the outpouring of support from many stakeholders – including 17,400 individuals who signed a petition supporting 21st CCLC; 560+ local, state and national groups who signed a letter of support; and more than 5,000 emails that were sent to Senate offices between January and April when draft legislation first proposed to eliminate 21st CCLC.

Supporters of afterschool and summer learning programs are encouraged to reach out to their Senators in support of the Every Child Achieves Act and the 21st CCLC provisions in particular. Specifically, Senators need to hear the value and impact of quality afterschool and summer learning programs on students, parents and communities.

MaryLou Beaver
New Hampshire Director
Every Child Matters Education Fund

You can help win the fight for our kids by making a tax-deductible donation to ECM in any amount at www.everychildmatters.org.

Every Child Matters is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization whose mission is to make children a national political priority. For more information, visit www.everychildmatters.org
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